Drywall and ceiling tile installers hang wallboard and install ceiling tile inside buildings. Tapers prepare the wallboard for painting, using tape and other materials. Many workers both install and tape wallboard.
Drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers typically do the following:
- Measure, mark, and cut panels according to design plans by using tape measures, straightedges, utility knives, and power saws
- Fasten panels and tiles by using glue, nails, or screws
- Patch, trim, and smooth rough spots and edges
- Apply tape and sealing compound to cover joints between wallboards
- Add coats of sealing compound to create an even surface
- Sand all joints and holes for a smooth, seamless finish
Drywall is a commonly used interior wall covering. In addition to covering insulation, electrical wires, and plumbing pipes, it also dampens sound and provides fire resistance.
Workers may use mechanical lifts or stand on stilts, ladders, or scaffolds to hang and prepare ceilings. Once wallboards are hung, workers use trowels to spread coats of sealing compound over cracks, indentations, and other imperfections. Some workers may use a mechanical applicator, a tool that spreads sealing compound on the wall joint while dispensing and setting tape at the same time.
Drywall installers are also called drywallers or hangers. They cut and hang the panels of wallboard.
Ceiling tile installers hang ceiling tiles and create suspended ceilings. Tiles may be applied directly to the ceiling, attached to furring strips, or suspended on runners that are connected by wire to the ceiling. Workers are sometimes called acoustical carpenters, because they also install tiles that block sound.
Tapers are also called finishers, because they prepare the drywall for covering by plaster, paint, and wallpaper. Tapers apply paper or fiberglass mesh tape to cover drywall seams.
In addition to performing new installations, many installers and tapers make repairs such as fixing damaged drywall and replacing ceiling tiles. The wall coverings applied to the finished drywall are installed by painters, plasterers, and paperhangers.
Drywall and ceiling tile installers held about 122,000 jobs in 2018. The largest employers of drywall and ceiling tile installers were as follows:
|Drywall and insulation contractors||67%|
|Nonresidential building construction||5|
Tapers held about 22,000 jobs in 2018. The largest employers of tapers were as follows:
|Drywall and insulation contractors||73%|
|Nonresidential building construction||7|
|Painting and wall covering contractors||2|
Drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers work indoors. As in many other construction trades, the work is physically demanding. Workers spend most of the day standing, bending, or reaching, and they must often lift and maneuver heavy wallboard.
Most drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers work full time.
Most drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers learn their trade on the job. A formal educational credential is typically not required to enter the occupation.
There are no educational credential requirements for becoming a drywall and ceiling tile installer, or taper.
Most drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers learn their trade on the job by helping more experienced workers and gradually being given more duties. They start by carrying materials and cleaning up and then learn to use the tools of the trade. They also learn to measure, cut, and install or apply materials. They may start out working on less visible areas like closets. The on-the-job training received typically lasts up to 12 months.
A few groups, including the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs for drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers. Apprenticeships combine on-the-job training with classroom instruction.
During their apprenticeship training, drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers learn a number of safety rules, many of which are standardized through the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA).
Balance. Drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers often wear stilts. They must be able to move around and use tools overhead without falling.
Dexterity. Drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers work with hand tools on every job. For example, they must be able to lift panels and use hammers and nails to secure the panels.
Math skills. Drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers must be able to estimate the quantity of materials needed and measure accurately when cutting panels.
Physical stamina. Drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers constantly lift and move heavy materials into place, so workers should be in good physical shape.
Physical strength. Drywall and ceiling tile installers must often lift heavy panels over their heads to secure onto the ceiling.
The median annual wage for drywall and ceiling tile installers was $43,730 in May 2018.
The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $27,490, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $83,010.
The median annual wage for tapers was $55,080 in May 2018.
The lowest 10 percent earned less than $31,020, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $91,070.
In May 2018, the median annual wages for drywall and ceiling tile installers in the top industries in which they worked were as follows:
|Nonresidential building construction||$47,530|
|Drywall and insulation contractors||44,030|
In May 2018, the median annual wages for tapers in the top industries in which they worked were as follows:
|Nonresidential building construction||$61,630|
|Drywall and insulation contractors||54,460|
|Painting and wall covering contractors||50,770|
Most drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers work full time.
Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers, and Tapers
Median annual wages, May 2018
- Drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers
- Construction trades workers
- Drywall and ceiling tile installers
- Total, all occupations
Employment of drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers is projected to grow 2 percent from 2018 to 2028, slower than the average for all occupations.
Drywall is the most common interior wall covering in buildings, so the demand for these workers will come from the construction of residential and commercial buildings. Home-remodeling projects are also expected to create jobs, because owners of existing homes and other buildings may plan to make improvements. However, overall employment in the drywall and insulation contractors industry, an industry employing about two-thirds of these workers, is projected to decline over the decade, offsetting employment growth in other industries.
Job prospects for drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers should be good because of the need to replace workers who leave the occupation.
|Occupational Title||SOC Code||Employment, 2018||Projected Employment, 2028||Change, 2018-28||Employment by Industry|
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program
Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers
Drywall and ceiling tile installers
This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of drywall and ceiling tile installers, and tapers.
|Occupation||Job Duties||Entry-Level Education||Median Annual Pay, May 2018|
Masonry workers use bricks, concrete blocks, concrete, and natural and manmade stones to build masonry structures.
|See How to Become One||$44,810|
Carpenters construct, repair, and install building frameworks and structures made from wood and other materials.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$46,590|
Construction laborers and helpers perform many tasks that require physical labor on construction sites.
|See How to Become One||$34,810|
Painters, Construction and Maintenance
Painters apply paint, stain, and coatings to walls and ceilings, buildings, bridges, and other structures.
|No formal educational credential||$38,940|
Flooring installers and tile and marble setters lay and finish carpet, wood, vinyl, and tile.
|No formal educational credential||$40,830|
Insulation workers install and replace the materials used to insulate buildings and their mechanical systems.
|See How to Become One||$41,910|
Roofers replace, repair, and install the roofs of buildings.
|No formal educational credential||$39,970|
For more information about drywall and ceiling tile installers and tapers, visit
Finishing Trades Institute
For details about apprenticeships or other work opportunities in this trade, contact the offices of the state employment service; the state apprenticeship agency; local contractors or firms that employ drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers; or local union–management finishing trade apprenticeship committees. Apprenticeship information is available from the U.S. Department of Labor’s Apprenticeship program online or by phone at 877-872-5627.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers, and Tapers,
on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/ooh/construction-and-extraction/drywall-and-ceiling-tile-installers-and-tapers.htm (visited ).
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