What Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers Do
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers install or repair a variety of electrical equipment.
Many electrical and electronics installers and repairers work in repair shops or in factories. Installers and repairers may have to lift heavy equipment and work in awkward positions. The majority work full time.
How to Become an Electrical or Electronics Installer and Repairer
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers need at least a high school education, but most specializations require further preparation through advanced education, apprenticeship training, or work experience.
The median annual wage for electrical and electronics installers and repairers was $59,080 in May 2019.
Overall employment of electrical and electronics installers and repairers is projected to decline 1 percent from 2019 to 2029.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers install or repair a variety of electrical equipment in telecommunications, transportation, utilities, and other industries.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers typically do the following:
- Discuss problems and requirements with customers
- Inspect and test equipment
- Reproduce, isolate, and diagnose problems
- Disassemble equipment as necessary to access problematic components
- Clean, repair, and replace components
- Reassemble and test equipment after repairs
- Keep records of repairs, tests, parts, and labor hours
Modern manufacturing plants and transportation systems use a large amount of electrical and electronics equipment, from assembly line motors to sonar systems. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers fix and maintain these complex pieces of equipment.
Because automated electronic control systems are becoming more complex, repairers use software programs and testing equipment to diagnose malfunctions. Among their diagnostic tools are multimeters—which measure voltage, current, and resistance—and advanced multimeters, which measure the capacitance, inductance, and current gain of transistors.
Repairers also use signal generators, which provide test signals, and oscilloscopes, which display signals graphically. In addition, repairers often use hand tools such as pliers, screwdrivers, and wrenches to replace faulty parts and adjust equipment.
The following are examples of types of electrical and electronics installers and repairers:
Commercial and industrial electrical and electronics equipment repairers adjust, test, repair, or install electronic equipment, such as industrial controls, transmitters, and antennas.
Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers—such as armature winders, generator mechanics, and electric golf cart repairers—specialize in installing, maintaining, and repairing electric motors, wiring, or switches.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers of transportation equipment install, adjust, or maintain mobile communication equipment, including sound, sonar, security, navigation, and surveillance systems on trains, watercraft, or other vehicles.
Electronic equipment installers and repairers of motor vehicles install, diagnose, and repair sound, security, and navigation equipment in motor vehicles. These installers and repairers work with a range of complex electronic equipment, including digital audio and video players, navigation systems, and passive and active security systems.
Powerhouse, substation, and relay electrical and electronics repairers inspect, test, maintain, or repair electrical equipment used in generating stations, substations, and in-service relays. These workers also may be known as powerhouse electricians, relay technicians, or power transformer repairers.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers held about 121,700 jobs in 2019. Employment in the detailed occupations that make up electrical and electronics installers and repairers was distributed as follows:
|Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment||61,200|
|Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay||23,000|
|Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers||17,900|
|Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles||10,400|
|Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment||9,200|
The largest employers of electrical and electronics installers and repairers were as follows:
|Repair and maintenance||11|
|Federal government, excluding postal service||9|
Many electrical and electronics installers and repairers work in repair shops or in factories, and some may work outside when they travel to job sites.
Installers and repairers may have to lift heavy equipment and work in awkward positions. They spend most of their day walking, standing, or kneeling.
The majority of electrical and electronics installers and repairers work full time.
This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of electrical and electronics installers and repairers.
|Occupation||Job Duties||Entry-Level Education||Median Annual Pay, May 2019|
Electricians install, maintain, and repair electrical power, communications, lighting, and control systems.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$56,180|
Aircraft and avionics equipment mechanics and technicians repair and perform scheduled maintenance on aircraft.
|See How to Become One||$64,310|
Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers set up and maintain devices that carry communications signals.
|Postsecondary nondegree award||$57,910|
Elevator and escalator installers and repairers install, maintain, and fix elevators, escalators, moving walkways, and other lifts.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$84,990|
General Maintenance and Repair Workers
General maintenance and repair workers fix and maintain machines, mechanical equipment, and buildings.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$39,080|
Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacture of electrical equipment.
Electrical and electronics engineering technicians help engineers design and develop electrical and electronic equipment.
Industrial Machinery Mechanics, Machinery Maintenance Workers, and Millwrights
Industrial machinery mechanics, machinery maintenance workers, and millwrights install, maintain, and repair factory equipment and other industrial machinery.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$52,860|
For more information about electrical and electronics installers and repairers, including careers and certification, visit
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers,
at https://www.bls.gov/ooh/installation-maintenance-and-repair/electrical-and-electronics-installers-and-repairers.htm (visited ).