Electrical and electronics installers and repairers install or repair a variety of electrical equipment in telecommunications, transportation, utilities, and other industries.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers typically do the following:
- Discuss problems and requirements with customers
- Inspect and test equipment
- Reproduce, isolate, and diagnose problems
- Disassemble equipment as necessary to access problematic components
- Clean, repair, and replace components
- Reassemble and test equipment after repairs
- Keep records of repairs, tests, parts, and labor hours
Modern manufacturing plants and transportation systems use a large amount of electrical and electronics equipment, from assembly line motors to sonar systems. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers fix and maintain these complex pieces of equipment.
Because automated electronic control systems are becoming more complex, repairers use software programs and testing equipment to diagnose malfunctions. Among their diagnostic tools are multimeters—which measure voltage, current, and resistance—and advanced multimeters, which measure the capacitance, inductance, and current gain of transistors.
Repairers also use signal generators, which provide test signals, and oscilloscopes, which display signals graphically. In addition, repairers often use hand tools such as pliers, screwdrivers, and wrenches to replace faulty parts and adjust equipment.
The following are examples of types of electrical and electronics installers and repairers:
Commercial and industrial electrical and electronics equipment repairers adjust, test, repair, or install electronic equipment, such as industrial controls, transmitters, and antennas.
Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers—such as armature winders, generator mechanics, and electric golf cart repairers—specialize in installing, maintaining, and repairing electric motors, wiring, or switches.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers of transportation equipment install, adjust, or maintain mobile communication equipment, including sound, sonar, security, navigation, and surveillance systems on trains, watercraft, or other vehicles.
Electronic equipment installers and repairers of motor vehicles install, diagnose, and repair sound, security, and navigation equipment in motor vehicles. These installers and repairers work with a range of complex electronic equipment, including digital audio and video players, navigation systems, and passive and active security systems.
Powerhouse, substation, and relay electrical and electronics repairers inspect, test, maintain, or repair electrical equipment used in generating stations, substations, and in-service relays. These workers also may be known as powerhouse electricians, relay technicians, or power transformer repairers.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers held about 124,100 jobs in 2018. Employment in the detailed occupations that make up electrical and electronics installers and repairers was distributed as follows:
|Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment||61,300|
|Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay||23,100|
|Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers||17,200|
|Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment||11,500|
|Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles||11,000|
The largest employers of electrical and electronics installers and repairers were as follows:
|Repair and maintenance||10|
|Federal government, excluding postal service||8|
Many electrical and electronics installers and repairers work in repair shops or in factories, and some may work outside when they travel to job sites.
Installers and repairers may have to lift heavy equipment and work in awkward positions. They spend most of their day walking, standing, or kneeling.
The majority of electrical and electronics installers and repairers work full time.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers need at least a high school education, but most specializations require further preparation through advanced education, work experience, or both.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers must understand electrical equipment and electronics. As a result, employers often prefer applicants who have taken courses in electronics at a community college or technical school. Courses usually cover AC and DC electronics, electronic devices, and microcontrollers. It is important for prospects to choose schools that include hands-on training in order to gain practical experience.
In addition to technical education, workers usually receive training on specific types of equipment. This may involve manufacturer-specific training for repairers who will perform warranty work.
Before working independently, entry-level repairers usually develop their skills while working with experienced technicians who provide technical guidance.
Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Some electrical and electronics installers and repairers need prior work experience. Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers typically begin by helping in machine or electrical workshops, where they gain experience with tools and motors.
Powerhouse, substation, and relay electrical and electronics repairers often gain experience by first working as electricians.
Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
While certification is not required, a number of organizations offer it, and it can be useful in getting a job. For example, the Electronics Technicians Association International (ETA International) offers more than 50 certification programs in numerous electronics specialties for various levels of competency. The International Society of Certified Electronics Technicians (ISCET) also offers certification for several levels of competence. The ISCET focuses on a broad range of topics, including basic electronics, electronic systems, and appliance service. To become certified, applicants must meet prerequisites and pass a comprehensive exam.
Color vision. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers must be able to identify the color-coded components that are often used in electronic equipment.
Communication skills. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers work closely with customers, so they must listen to and understand customers’ descriptions of problems and explain solutions in a simple, clear manner.
Physical stamina. Some electrical and electronics installers and repairers must stand at their station for their full shift, which can be tiring.
Physical strength. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers may need to lift heavy parts during the repair process. Some components weigh over 50 pounds.
Technical skills. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers use a variety of mechanical and diagnostic tools to install or repair equipment.
Troubleshooting skills. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers must be able to identify problems with equipment and systems and make the necessary repairs.
The median annual wage for electrical and electronics installers and repairers was $57,890 in May 2018.
The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $32,640, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $91,840.
Median annual wages for electrical and electronics installers and repairers in May 2018 were as follows:
|Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay||$80,200|
|Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment||60,340|
|Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment||58,110|
|Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers||42,840|
|Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles||35,590|
In May 2018, the median annual wages for electrical and electronics installers and repairers in the top industries in which they worked were as follows:
|Federal government, excluding postal service||62,030|
|Repair and maintenance||45,400|
The majority of electrical and electronics installers and repairers work full time.
Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers
Median annual wages, May 2018
- Electrical and electronics installers and repairers
- Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers
- Total, all occupations
Overall employment of electrical and electronics installers and repairers is projected to show little or no change from 2018 to 2028.
Employment of electric motor, power tool, and related repairers is projected to grow 3 percent from 2018 to 2028, slower than the average for all occupations. Improvements in electrical and electronic equipment design, as well as the increased use of disposable tool parts, are expected to moderate employment growth.
Employment of motor vehicle electronic equipment installers and repairers, which represents less than 10 percent of this profile’s employment, is projected to decline 29 percent from 2018 to 2028. Motor vehicle manufacturers continue to install more and higher quality sound, security, entertainment, and navigation systems in new vehicles. These new electronic systems require less maintenance and will limit installation of aftermarket products.
Overall job opportunities should be good for qualified workers who are familiar with electronics, especially those with an associate’s degree in electronics.
The best job opportunities should be for commercial and industrial equipment installers and repairers, as the need to replace those who leave the occupation permanently should result in some openings for these workers. Conversely, few opportunities will be available for motor vehicle equipment installers and repairers as the amount of aftermarket installations continues to decline.
|Occupational Title||SOC Code||Employment, 2018||Projected Employment, 2028||Change, 2018-28||Employment by Industry|
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers
Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment
Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment
Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay
Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles
This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of electrical and electronics installers and repairers.
|Occupation||Job Duties||Entry-Level Education||Median Annual Pay, May 2018|
Electricians install, maintain, and repair electrical power, communications, lighting, and control systems.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$55,190|
Aircraft and Avionics Equipment Mechanics and Technicians
Aircraft and avionics equipment mechanics and technicians repair and perform scheduled maintenance on aircraft.
|See How to Become One||$63,060|
Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers
Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers set up and maintain devices that carry communications signals.
|Postsecondary nondegree award||$56,100|
Elevator Installers and Repairers
Elevator installers and repairers install, fix, and maintain elevators, escalators, moving walkways, and other lifts.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$79,780|
General Maintenance and Repair Workers
General maintenance and repair workers fix and maintain machines, mechanical equipment, and buildings.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$38,300|
Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacture of electrical equipment.
Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians
Electrical and electronics engineering technicians help engineers design and develop electrical and electronic equipment.
Industrial Machinery Mechanics, Machinery Maintenance Workers, and Millwrights
Industrial machinery mechanics, machinery maintenance workers, and millwrights install, maintain, and repair factory equipment and other industrial machinery.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$51,630|
For more information about electrical and electronics installers and repairers, including careers and certification, visit
International Society of Certified Electronics Technicians
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers,
on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/ooh/installation-maintenance-and-repair/electrical-and-electronics-installers-and-repairers.htm (visited ).
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